Health & Safety

 

As health and safety and successful business or organisation performance are complementary, it is therefore very important that we plan, deliver, check quality and take stock to see what we can improve.

Most of the time accidents occur because the barriers in place are defeated; hence, examining barriers is essential to making improvements. These barriers are some kind of risk control measures – physical guards or various ‘administrative’ controls.

Things we need to examine:

  • Workplace factors – the size and layout of the workplace, how equipment and
  • materials are designed and used.
  • Task factors – workload too high or low, team working problems,
  • Unstimulating tasks. ! Personnel factors – competence, health and fitness, fatigue, job satisfaction. ! Organizational factors – supervision and leadership, inadequate safety management systems and poor change management.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)

Personal Protective Equipment should be issued to all those whose job tasks are dangerous and risky in nature, you will agree with me that Traffic Department staff who work at the container terminals are no exception. (PPE includes safety boots, helmets gloves, overalls and goggles).

SAFETY SIGNS:

Signs should be used especially in restricted areas and in the correct style and wherever they are used should have the same meaning.

NO SMOKING SIGNS:

Employers, managers and those in control of premises will need to display no-smoking notices and take reasonable steps to ensure that staff, customers, members and visitors do not smoke in enclosed areas.

 

Oil Spill:

Everything should be done to address the issue of oil spillage as a result of leaking plants. This problem is evident all over the container terminals. Besides being a fire hazard there is a high probability rate of falls and trips and also plants and vehicles overturning. A solution needs to found and quickly.

SEPARATION OF CONTAINERS:

For reasons of Health and Safety, containers carrying dangerous/hazardous materials should be separated from those with ordinary cargo. And such dangerous/ hazardous materials should leave the port in the shortest possible time. Where this is not possible the area should be cordoned off.

ACCESS CONTROL:

In order to reduce congestion in the container terminal only a limited number of people and trucks should be allowed at any given time. Vehicle braking systems and tires should be thoroughly checked for any defects. Speeds limits should also be maintained. When vehicles are reversing someone needs to be there to direct them. All too often drivers stick their heads out when reversing which is quite unsafe.

 

LIFTING OPERATIONS BEST PRACTICE

. Everyone involved with mechanical handling operations should be trained to a level of competence appropriate to their tasks and responsibilities.

· No-one should work under a suspended load and no load should pass over people.

· There should be an effective system for reporting and recording any incident arising from the operational use or from failure of the lifting or mechanical handling equipment.

· A clear and effective system of communication should be available and understood by everyone involved with the lifting operation.

· A competent person should be identified to co-ordinate and control all aspects of the lifting operation.

· A shift change-over scheme should be in place which correctly informs the incoming shift of anything in the lifting operation or lifting equipment which may affect the safe operation of cranes or other lifting equipment. This means notifying any change in circumstances which may require alteration to the system of work.

· Adequate lighting and effective unobstructed access ways and escape routes should be provided and maintained.

SEPERATION OF PEOPLE AND VEHICLES:

Any traffic route which is used by both pedestrians and vehicles should be wide enough to enable any vehicle likely to use the route to pass pedestrians safely. On traffic routes, where it is not practical to make the route wide enough, passing places or traffic management systems should be provided as necessary. In buildings, lines should be drawn on the floor to indicate routes followed by vehicles such as fork lift trucks.

On routes used by automatic, driverless vehicles which are also used by pedestrians, the vehicles should be fitted with safeguards to minimize the risk of injury, sufficient clearance should be provided between the vehicles and pedestrians, and care should be taken that fixtures along the route do not create trapping hazards.

In doorways, gangways, tunnels bridges, or other enclosed routes, vehicles should be separated from pedestrians by a kerb or barrier. Similar measures should be taken where the speed or volume of vehicles would put pedestrians at risk. Workstations should be adequately separated or shielded from vehicles.

CROSSINGS:

Where pedestrians and vehicle routes cross, appropriate crossing points should be provided and used. Where necessary, barriers or rails should be provided to present pedestrians crossing at particularly dangerous points and to guide them to designated crossing places. At crossing places where volumes of traffic are particularly heavy, the provision of suitable bridges or subways should be considered.

REPORTING OF ACCIDENTS:

All dangerous occurrences as a requirement should be reported to the safety department. These reports would be used to identify trends in incident, accident occurrence and to help avert a re-occurrence.

TRAINING

And finally, for us to be able to put right our competence assurance system, we must have in place an adequate selection procedure, induction training followed by several weeks of practical on-plant experience as this will give them the required skills and expertise necessary.